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June 2024, Vol 7, No. 6

PSYCHIATRY

Emotional Awareness and Expression Therapy vs Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Chronic Pain in Older Veterans: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial assesses whether emotional awareness and expression therapy is superior to cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for treatment of chronic musculoskeletal pain among a racially and ethnically diverse cohort of older veterans.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415842. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15842
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PUBLIC HEALTH

Hand Hygiene Education Components Among First-Year Nursing Students: A Cluster Randomized Clinical Trial

This cluster randomized clinical trial examines the individual and combined effects of components of a hand hygiene training program鈥攁n instructional video and hand scan images鈥攐n the level of decontamination after washing hands among first-year nursing students in Hong Kong.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2413835. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.13835
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PEDIATRICS

Diazoxide for Severe or Recurrent Neonatal Hypoglycemia: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial investigates whether administration of early, low-dose oral diazoxide in neonates with severe or recurrent hypoglycemia reduces time to normoglycemia.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415764. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15764
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
EQUITY, DIVERSITY, AND INCLUSION

Experiences of Leaders in Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion in US Academic Health Centers

This qualitative study reports on how diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) leaders at US medical schools and academic health centers perceive their roles and responsibilities, access to resources, and institutional challenges.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415401. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15401
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PSYCHIATRY

Racial Discrimination, Neural Connectivity, and Epigenetic Aging Among Black Women

This cohort study uses neuroimaging to examine the association of racial discrimination with alterations in resting-state functional connectivity and accelerated epigenetic aging among Black women in the US.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2416588. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.16588
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY

Well-Child Visits for Early Detection and Management of Maternal Postpartum Hypertensive Disorders

This quality improvement study analyzes whether assessing maternal blood pressure and associated symptoms at the time of well-child visits vs traditional postpartum visits is associated with increased detection of postpartum preeclampsia.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2416844. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.16844
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PEDIATRICS

Pediatric Respiratory Syncytial Virus Hospitalizations and Respiratory Support After the COVID-19 Pandemic

This cross-sectional study compares differences in demographics, respiratory support modes, and clinical outcomes for children with respiratory syncytial virus before vs after the COVID-19 pandemic.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2416852. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.16852
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
CONSENSUS STATEMENT PEDIATRICS

International Consensus on Standard Outcome Measures for Neurodevelopmental Disorders: A Consensus Statement

This survey study of clinical and research experts and service users describes a core set of outcome measures for specific neurodevelopmental disorders.

open access has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2416760. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.16760
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC
RESEARCH LETTER INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Influenza Vaccination Requirements for Health Care Personnel in US Hospitals

This survey study assesses changes from 2017 to 2021 in self-reported annual influenza vaccination among workers in nonfederal and Veterans Affairs hospitals.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2416861. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.16861
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
CORRECTION

Clarification of Version Index Used in Study

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2423536. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.23536
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
DIABETES AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

Limosilactobacillus reuteri 6475 and Prevention of Early Postmenopausal Bone Loss: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial examines the use of Limosilactobacillus reuteri supplementation in early postmenopausal women for the prevention of bone loss.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415455. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15455
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PUBLIC HEALTH

Updated Estimate of the Number of Extreme Risk Protection Orders Needed to Prevent 1 Suicide

This cohort study uses data for handgun owners in California who died by suicide and for extreme risk protection order (ERPO) respondents in Connecticut who died by suicide to estimate of the number of ERPOs needed to prevent 1 suicide.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2414864. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.14864
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
EDITORIAL

Preventing Firearm Tragedies by the Numbers鈥擱emembering Why It Matters

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2414842. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.14842
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
ONCOLOGY

Insurance Denials and Patient Treatment in a Large Academic Radiation Oncology Center

This cohort study assesses insurance denials of radiation therapy and their association with changes in radiation technique, dose, and time to treatment delivery among patients with cancer.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2416359. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.16359
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
IMAGING

Aspects of Area Deprivation Index in Relation to Hippocampal Volume Among Children

This cross-sectional study investigates the association of area deprivation index measures with bilateral hippocampal volume in children and assesses whether these associations vary by school and family environment.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2416484. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.16484
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PSYCHIATRY

Racial Discrimination and Risk for Internalizing and Externalizing Symptoms Among Black Youths

This cohort study evaluates the association between racial discrimination and risk for psychopathology moderated by neuroaffective processing.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2416491. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.16491
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
ONCOLOGY

Neighborhood Deprivation and Breast Cancer Mortality Among Black and White Women

This cohort study investigates whether neighborhood deprivation is associated with breast cancer mortality among Black and White women and whether rurality, residential mobility, and racial composition of the neighborhood modify that association.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2416499. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.16499
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
NEUROLOGY

Incidence of Dementia Before Age 65 Years Among World Trade Center Attack Responders

This cohort study compares the incidence rate of dementia before 65 years of age among responders with severe exposure to debris with responders not exposed to building debris or who wore personalized protective equipment during rescue operations following the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2416504. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.16504
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
ONCOLOGY

Patient Safety and Satisfaction With Fully Remote Management of Radiation Oncology Care

This cohort study evaluates patient safety and satisfaction, financial implications, and environmental consequences associated with fully remote physician management of radiation oncology care.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2416570. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.16570
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
RHEUMATOLOGY

Sodium-Glucose Cotransporter-2 Inhibitors and Nephritis Among Patients With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

This cohort study investigates whether sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitor (SGLT2i) use is associated with lupus nephritis and other kidney and cardiac adverse outcomes in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and type 2 diabetes.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2416578. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.16578
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Peceleganan Spray for the Treatment of Skin Wound Infections: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This phase 3 randomized clinical trial evaluates the safety and efficacy of peceleganan, an antimicrobial peptide spray, compared with a conventional topical antibiotic silver sulfadiazine in patients with skin wound infections.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415310. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15310
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
EQUITY, DIVERSITY, AND INCLUSION

Sex Disparities After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting and Hospital Quality

This cohort study of Medicare beneficiaries evaluates the association between hospital quality and sex disparities in mortality after coronary artery bypass grafting.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2414354. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.14354
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Pediatric Respiratory Syncytial Virus Hospitalizations, 2017-2023

This cohort study examines the hospitalization rates associated with respiratory syncytial virus infection during the 2021-2022 and 2022-2023 seasons compared with the pre-COVID-19 2017-2020 seasons in Ontario, Canada.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2416077. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.16077
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
DIABETES AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

Prediabetes Prevalence by Adverse Social Determinants of Health in Adolescents

This cross-sectional study evaluates differences in prediabetes prevalence by intersectional social determinants of health (SDOH) and race or ethnicity categories in a nationally representative sample of US adolescents eligible for type 2 diabetes screening based on age and body mass index鈥揵ased overweight or obesity.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2416088. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.16088
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
NEUROLOGY

Diagnosis of Sports-Related Concussion Using Symptom Report or Standardized Assessment of Concussion

This case-control study analyzes the diagnostic accuracy of various components of a concussion assessment that uses both patient report and standardized assessment among college athletes with and without concussion.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2416223. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.16223
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PUBLIC HEALTH

Sedentary Behaviors, Light-Intensity Physical Activity, and Healthy Aging

This cohort study examines independent associations of sedentary behaviors, particularly watching television, and light physical activity with healthy aging and estimates the potential associations of replacing sedentary behaviors with physical activity or sleep.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2416300. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.16300
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PSYCHIATRY

Bidirectional Associations of Depressive Symptoms and Cognitive Function Over Time

This cohort study examines depressive symptoms and cognitive function in English adults aged 50 years or older throughout a 16-year follow-up period and evaluates whether there is a bidirectional association.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2416305. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.16305
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
RESEARCH LETTER GERIATRICS

Boarding Duration in the Emergency Department and Inpatient Delirium and Severe Agitation

This cohort study examines the risk factors for developing delirium and/or agitation in patients in the emergency department waiting for an inpatient bed.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2416343. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.16343
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
STATISTICS AND RESEARCH METHODS

Cancer Incidence Trends in Successive Social Generations in the US

This cohort study uses Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program registry data to estimate cancer incidence trends in successive social generations in the US.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415731. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15731
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PEDIATRICS

Severe Pediatric Neurological Manifestations With SARS-CoV-2 or MIS-C Hospitalization and New Morbidity

This cohort study of patients younger than 18 years hospitalized for SARS-CoV-2 or multisystem inflammatory syndrome evaluates the association of severe neurological manifestations with new neurocognitive or functional morbidities at discharge.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2414122. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.14122
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
ONCOLOGY

Stereotactic Body Radiotherapy and Liver Transplant for Liver Cancer: A Nonrandomized Controlled Trial

This phase 2 nonrandomized controlled trial investigates the feasibility of bridging stereotactic body radiotherapy before deceased donor liver transplant for previously untreated unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415998. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15998
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
ONCOLOGY

Androgen Deprivation Therapy and Outcomes After Radiation Therapy in Black Patients With Prostate Cancer

This cohort study evaluates whether receipt of androgen deprivation therapy is associated with outcomes among Black men with prostate cancer who underwent radiation therapy.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415911. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15911
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PEDIATRICS

Preterm Birth, Family Income, and Intergenerational Income Mobility

This cohort study assesses whether the association between preterm birth and adulthood income differs according to family socioeconomic status at birth and assesses the association between preterm birth and intergenerational income mobility.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415921. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15921
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
MEDICAL EDUCATION

Burnout Among Mid-Career Academic Medical Faculty

This survey study examines the prevalence of burnout among mid-career medical faculty and factors associated with personal and work-related burnout.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415593. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15593
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
RESEARCH LETTER EQUITY, DIVERSITY, AND INCLUSION

Inflation, Economic Policy Changes, and Access to Essential Drugs by Retirees in Argentina

This cross-sectional study investigates whether there are associations between inflation, economic policy changes, and retirees鈥 access to medicines in Argentina.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415929. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15929
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
RESEARCH LETTER CRITICAL CARE MEDICINE

Phoenix Sepsis Score and Risk of Attributable Mortality in Children With Cancer

This prognostic study analyzes the accuracy of the Phoenix Sepsis Score for the classification of attributable mortality risk in children with cancer presenting to the intensive care.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415917. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15917
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
CORRECTION

Incorrect Disclosure and Role of Funder Statements

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2423203. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.23203
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

An Adaptive Telephone Coaching Intervention for Patients in an Online Weight Loss Program: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial compares brief and extended coaching programs for patients in an online weight loss program who had achieved less than 4% of body weight loss at 1 month.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2414587. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.14587
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PUBLIC HEALTH

Prevalence of Iron Deficiency Using 3 Definitions Among Women in the US and Canada

This cross-sectional study uses 3 definitions of iron deficiency to estimate the prevalence of iron deficiency among women in the US and Canada.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2413967. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.13967
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
EQUITY, DIVERSITY, AND INCLUSION

Mapping Strategies for Reaching Socioeconomically Disadvantaged Populations in Clinical Trials

This survey study examines the extent to which for-profit and nonprofit or governmental clinical research sites use strategies to recruit trial participants from socioeconomically disadvantaged groups.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2413962. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.13962
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
ONCOLOGY

Lung Cancer Screening Before and After a Multifaceted Electronic Health Record Intervention: A Nonrandomized Controlled Trial

This nonrandomized controlled trial investigates the association of an electronic health record鈥揵ased lung cancer screening intervention with improved screening-related care.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415383. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15383
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PSYCHIATRY

Longitudinal Interplay Between Alcohol Use, Mood, and Functioning in Bipolar Spectrum Disorders

This cohort study assesses the implications of alcohol consumption for depression, mania or hypomania, anxiety, and workplace functioning among adults with type I or II bipolar disorder.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415295. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15295
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
NEUROLOGY

Biomarkers of Neurobiologic Recovery in Adults With Sport-Related Concussion

This cohort study examines the levels of serum glial fibrillary acidic protein and neurofilament light in athletes in Australia who experience sport-related concussion.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415983. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15983
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
DIABETES AND ENDOCRINOLOGY

Bariatric Metabolic Surgery vs Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor Agonists and Mortality

This cohort study compares all-cause mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events associated with bariatric metabolic surgery vs glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists for adults with obesity and diabetes.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415392. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15392
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
CARDIOLOGY

Validation of a Handheld 6-Lead Device for QT Interval Monitoring in Resource-Limited Settings

This diagnostic study evaluates the diagnostic accuracy, repeatability, and feasibility of a handheld 6-lead electrocardiographic device for QTc interval measurement, relative to formal standard 12-lead electrocardiographic devices, within resource-constrained settings.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415576. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15576
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
EQUITY, DIVERSITY, AND INCLUSION

Access to New Clinic Appointments for Patients With Cancer

This cross-sectional study analyzes linguistic and workflow barriers that prevent access to clinic appointments for patients with cancer.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415587. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15587
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
RESEARCH LETTER PEDIATRICS

Lung Ultrasonography Scores in Preterm Infants and Respiratory Outcomes at Age 2 Years

This cohort study examines the role of lung ultrasonography score in estimating respiratory episodes needing drugs or hospitalization in premature infants.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415513. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15513
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
CORRECTION

Error in Byline and Author Contributions

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2420754. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.20754
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
NEUROLOGY

Outcomes of Bypass Surgery in Adult Moyamoya Disease by Onset Type

This cohort study categorizes patients with adult moyamoya disease based on asymptomatic, ischemic, and hemorrhagic onset and compares bypass surgery and conservative management in terms of the risk of death, hemorrhagic stroke, and ischemic stroke.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415102. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15102
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
CARDIOLOGY

Physical Activity, Cardiovascular Status, Mortality, and Prediabetes in Hispanic and Non-Hispanic Adults

This cohort study examines whether meeting Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans is associated with cardiovascular disease or mortality risk similarly among individuals with prediabetes and normoglycemia, and whether physical activity associations with health outcomes differ between Hispanic or Latino and non-Hispanic adults.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415094. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15094
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PUBLIC HEALTH

COVID-19 Vaccination Coverage and Factors Associated With Vaccine Uptake Among People With HIV

This cohort study assesses COVID-19 vaccination coverage among people with HIV and investigates the sociodemographic, clinical, and community-level factors associated with completion of the vaccine primary series and an additional primary dose.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415220. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15220
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PUBLIC HEALTH

Heavy Lifetime Cannabis Use and Mortality by Sex

This cohort study of data from the UK Biobank examines associations between cumulative lifetime cannabis use and all-cause, cardiovascular disease, and cancer mortality.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415227. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15227
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PSYCHIATRY

Cognitive Impairments in Drug-Naive Patients With First-Episode Negative Symptom鈥揇ominant Psychosis

This cross-sectional study compares the cognitive characteristics of patients with negative symptom鈥揹ominant first-episode psychosis with those of patients diagnosed with positive symptom鈥揹ominant and general symptom鈥揹ominant first-episode psychosis.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415110. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15110
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PSYCHIATRY

Prevalence and Co-Occurrence of Psychiatric Conditions Among Bereaved Adults

This survey study evaluates risk factors for and prevalence rates and co-occurrence of grief-related psychiatric conditions among bereaved adults in the US.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415325. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15325
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PUBLIC HEALTH

Physician Specialty Differences in Unprofessional Behaviors Observed and Reported by Coworkers

This cohort study evaluates whether there are differences by physician specialty in the prevalence of reports of unprofessional behavior from coworkers.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415331. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15331
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PUBLIC HEALTH

Mental Health and Well-Being Among Home Health Aides

This qualitative study investigated home health aides鈥 perspectives toward mental health and well-being and how their job influences these areas of life.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415234. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15234
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
RESEARCH LETTER SURGERY

Change in Patient Enrollment After Site Principal Investigator Turnover in Surgical Clinical Trials

This cohort study examines the association of principal investigator (PI) turnover with patient enrollment in surgical clinical trials.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415340. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15340
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
CORRECTION

Error in Funding/Support

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2421429. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.21429
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
HEALTH POLICY

Insurance Reimbursement for Special Foods and Phenylalanine Levels in Patients With PKU in China

This cohort study examines the association between the reimbursement policy and blood phenylalanine concentration in patients with phenylketonuria in China.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2412886. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.12886
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PEDIATRICS

Delays to Antibiotics in the Emergency Department and Risk of Mortality in Children With Sepsis

This cohort study examines the association of the timing of antibiotic administration in the emergency department (ED) with the risk of sepsis-attributable mortality in children.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2413955. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.13955
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
SUBSTANCE USE AND ADDICTION

Cannabis Use Reported by Patients Receiving Primary Care in a Large Health System

This cross-sectional study evaluates how many patients report cannabis use in primary care wellness visits, what reasons they report for use, and what factors are associated with cannabis use.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2414809. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.14809
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
NUTRITION, OBESITY, AND EXERCISE

Body Roundness Index and All-Cause Mortality Among US Adults

This cohort study evaluates temporal trends of body roundness index in a nationally representative sample of US adults and examines the associations of body roundness index and all-cause mortality.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415051. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15051
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
HEALTH POLICY

New Supplemental Benefits and Plan Ratings Among Medicare Advantage Enrollees

This cohort study of Medicare Advantage enrollees examines the association between adoption of a primarily health-related benefit, Special Supplemental Benefit for the Chronically Ill, or both and changes in enrollees鈥 overall plan ratings.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415058. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15058
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PEDIATRICS

Genetic Testing for Global Developmental Delay in Early Childhood

This cohort study evaluates the utility of genetic testing for global developmental delay in young children in China and assesses potential targets for early intervention.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415084. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15084
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
RESEARCH LETTER PUBLIC HEALTH

Label Accuracy of Legal Oral Cannabis Oil Products in Ontario, Canada

This case series compares amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol reported on product labels vs levels found in laboratory testing in legal oral cannabis oil products in Ontario, Canada.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2414922. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.14922
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
RESEARCH LETTER PUBLIC HEALTH

US Residents鈥 Recognition of Proper Use of Firearm Cable Locks

This survey study examines the ability of firearm owners and nonowners to determine correct and incorrect cable lock use across different types of firearms.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2415064. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.15064
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PSYCHIATRY

Service Dogs for Veterans and Military Members With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Nonrandomized Controlled Trial

This nonrandomized controlled trial examines subjectively and objectively assessed posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity, anxiety, depression, and psychosocial functioning among US veterans with vs without a psychiatric service dog.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2414686. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.14686
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
SURGERY

Treatment of Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer in the Era of Total Neoadjuvant Therapy: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis

This systematic review and network meta-analysis assesses which total neoadjuvant treatment regimens are associated with the highest pathological complete response rates compared with standard long-course chemoradiotherapy in the treatment of locally advanced rectal cancer.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2414702. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.14702
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
OTOLARYNGOLOGY

Ethnic Disparities for Survival and Mortality in New Zealand Patients With Head and Neck Cancer

This cohort study investigates disparities in survival and mortality between M膩ori patients and patients from other ethnic groups with head and neck cancer in New Zealand.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2413004. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.13004
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
UROLOGY

Access to Prostate-Specific Antigen Testing and Mortality Among Men With Prostate Cancer

This cohort study evaluates associations of county-level prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening prevalence with prostate cancer outcomes, including mortality, as well as variation by sociodemographic and clinical factors.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2414582. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.14582
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
UROLOGY

Natural History of Nonmetastatic Prostate Cancer Managed With Watchful Waiting

This cohort study examines whether a watchful waiting treatment strategy is associated with adverse outcomes in men with nonmetastatic prostate cancer and a life expectancy of less than 10 years in Sweden.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2414599. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.14599
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
NEUROLOGY

Valproate Use During Spermatogenesis and Risk to Offspring

This cohort study of more than 1 million children in Denmark evaluates the association between paternal use of valproate during spermatogenesis and offspring risk of congenital malformations and neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism spectrum disorder.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2414709. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.14709
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
EQUITY, DIVERSITY, AND INCLUSION

Sleep Problems and Health Outcomes Among Urban American Indian and Alaska Native Adolescents

This cohort study assesses whether baseline sleep problems are associated with adverse changes in behavioral and cardiometabolic health outcomes among urban American Indian and Alaska Native adolescents 2 years later.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2414735. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.14735
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CONSENSUS STATEMENT ETHICS

Developing an Ethics and Policy Framework for Psychedelic Clinical Care: A Consensus Statement

This consensus statement identifies key ethics and policy issues for the future integration of psychedelic therapies into clinical practice.

open access has active quiz
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2414650. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.14650
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF CME & MOC
HEALTH POLICY

Remote Blood Pressure Monitoring With Social Support for Patients With Hypertension: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial examines whether remote monitoring of blood pressure and medication adherence, with or without feedback to a social support partner, is associated with better control than usual care in adults with hypertension.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2413515. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.13515
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
SURGERY

Ten-Year Outcomes Following Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass vs Duodenal Switch for High Body Mass Index: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial compares 10-year outcomes of Roux-en-Y-gastric bypass and duodenal switch surgery among patients with severe obesity.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2414340. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.14340
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
PHYSICAL MEDICINE AND REHABILITATION

Collaborative Care for Chronic Pain After Traumatic Brain Injury: A Randomized Clinical Trial

This randomized clinical trial compares a collaborative care intervention vs usual care in decreasing chronic pain interference for patients with traumatic brain injury.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2413459. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.13459
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
HEALTH POLICY

Incorporating Medicare Advantage Admissions Into the CMS Hospital-Wide Readmission Measure

This cohort study investigates the outcomes of incorporating Medicare Advantage data into the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) claims-based FFS Hospital-Wide All-Cause Unplanned Readmission measure and hospital performance quintile ranking.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2414431. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.14431
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
HEMATOLOGY

Patient-Reported Outcomes in Phase 3 Clinical Trials for Blood Cancers: A Systematic Review

This systematic review of randomized clinical trials investigating hematological malignant neoplasms examines how often patient-reported outcomes are included in results.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2414425. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.14425
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SURGERY

Surgeon and Surgical Trainee Experiences After Adverse Patient Events

This mixed-methods study examines how trainees and faculty cope with the impact of adverse patient events.

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2414329. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.14329
Abstract Full Text pdf link PDF
西瓜视频 Open Masthead

西瓜视频 Open

open access
JAMA Netw Open. 2024;7(6):e2421467. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2024.21467
Abstract Full Text
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